Cost of Treatment: $250 to $2000
What Is a Clotting Factors Deficiency In Dogs?
Clotting factors are proteins and other substances in the blood that control bleeding. The deficiency of any of these factors leads to abnormal bleeding, which can be life threatening. Clotting deficiencies can be either acquired or inherited—inherited clotting factors deficiencies can lead to bleeding into an organ or hemorrhaging.
- Factor II deficiency. The clotting factor prothrombin does not function normally. English Cocker Spaniels have a predisposition.
- Factor VII deficiency. Miniature Schnauzers, Boxers, English Bulldogs, Malamutes, Beagles, Boxers, and mixed breeds are known to be predisposed.
- Factor X deficiency. A rare clotting disorder primarily of American Cocker Spaniels.
- Hemophilia A (factor VIII deficiency). This is the most common inherited clotting deficiency. Females can carry the disorder without showing any signs, while males will have signs.
- Hemophilia B (factor IX deficiency). Females are carriers and usually have no signs. Dogs with less than 1% of the clotting factor are stillborn or die shortly after birth.
- Hypofibrinogenemia. This is caused by a deficiency of fibrinogen in the blood. Saint Bernards and Vizslas are predisposed.
Symptoms of Clotting Factors Deficiency In Dogs
- Bruising easily
- Excessive bleeding after surgery
- Bleeding gums
- Inflamed skin
Treatment of Clotting Factors Deficiency In Dogs
Treatment depends on the type of clotting factor deficiency and the severity of the situation at the time. The main goals of treatment are to enable clotting of the blood, cease the hemorrhaging, and, in some cases, replenish the blood loss. If surgery or a traumatic event has led to the discovery of a clotting deficiency, and heavy bleeding has reached an intensive stage, then a blood transfusion could be needed. Other types of inherited clotting deficiencies, such as hypofibrinogenemia or Hemophilia type A or B, may also require blood transfusions.