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Gastric Volvulus And Dilatation In Dogs

Cost of Treatment: $1,000 – $3,000

What Is Gastric Volvulus And Dilation In Dogs?

Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) or “bloat” is a serious and potentially deadly syndrome in dogs. GDV is the second most common cause of death in dogs, only preceded by cancer.

Giant and large breed dogs such as German Shepherds, Great Danes, Dobermans, Weimaraners, and Saint Bernards are at higher risk but other breeds are not exempt from developing GDV.

Bloat is an emergency that should be treated immediately in order to save a dog’s life.

The term dilatation means expansion of the stomach due to an increased amount of gas. After the stomach is bloated it can rotate (volvulus) causing a lot of pain and compromising the circulation of the stomach and other organs. 

Symptoms Of Gastric Volvulus And Dilation In Dogs

  • Abdominal distension
  • Panting
  • Retching without vomit
  • Increased salivation
  • Restlessness
  • Stretched stance
  • Reluctance to lie down
  • Pale gums
  • Respiratory difficulty
  • Rapid heartbeats
  • Collapse

Risk Factors Of Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus Syndrome In Dogs

  • Hereditary predisposition: Large breeds and giant breeds such as Great Danes, German Shepherds, Saint Bernards, Setters and Weimaraners
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Feeding only one large meal each day
  • Quick consumption of large amounts of food and water
  • Exercise immediately after eating

Treatment Of Gastric Volvulus And Dilation In Dogs

If you observe the signs of GDV mentioned above you should take your dog to a veterinary hospital immediately because the faster the treatment the better the prognosis of your dog.

The first step in the treatment of GDV is stabilizing the patient which, depending on the severity of the condition, could be followed by surgery.

Your dog may need strong analgesics, IV fluids, orogastric intubation (a tube that enters the mouth and reaches the stomach) and, in some cases, surgical replacement of the stomach.

The surgical correction of this syndrome is called gastropexy and it consists of suturing the stomach to the abdominal wall in order to prevent reoccurrence of twisting.

During this surgery, the veterinarian will assess the damage to the internal tissues and may need to perform additional procedures.

Gastropexy can also be performed to prevent GDV in breeds at high risk such as Great Danes. 

Resources for Gastric Volvulus And Dilation In Dogs

1- Disorders of the Stomach and Intestines in Dogs

Return to the Dog Health Problems glossary.

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