High Levels of Blood Nitrogen in Dogs

Cost of Treatment: $500-$700

About High Levels of Blood Nitrogen in Dogs

High levels of blood nitrogen or azotemia occur when there is an accumulation of waste products in the blood. Usually, the symptoms of disease appear after there has been some kidney damage. This condition can be classified as:

  • Pre-renal Azotemia: The reduction of kidney function from blood loss or low blood pressure.
  • Renal Azotemia: Acute or chronic kidney failure with 75% or more damage to the kidneys.
  • Post-renal Azotemia: Blockage or damage to the ureter or excretory tubes.


Causes of High Levels of Blood Nitrogen in Dogs

  • Renal disease
  • Heart problems
  • High fever
  • Sepsis (Bacteria in the blood)
  • Low blood pressure
  • Liver damage
  • Dehydration
  • Acidosis (low pH blood)
  • Chemical exposure
  • Stress
  • Urinary tract obstruction

Symptoms of High Levels of Blood Nitrogen in Dogs

  • Excess urination
  • Weakness and lack of energy
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Constipation
  • Weight loss
  • Decreased appetite
  • Foul smelling breath
  • Hypothermia (low body temperature)
  • Pale or bluish skin

Treating High Levels of Blood Nitrogen in Dogs

The treatment will depend on the cause of the disorder and the test results. The first thing that your dog will need is fluid therapy to help restore fluids and reduce the toxins in his/her body. In cases of kidney infection antibiotics will be needed. Dogs with chronic kidney failure will need a special diet low in protein and sodium and high in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids.

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