Our content is free because we earn a commission when you click or make a purchase from links on our site. Learn more about how we make money.

Hypoglycemia in Dogs

Cost of Treatment: $100 – $2,500

What Is Hypoglycemia in Dogs?

Hypoglycemia is defined as low blood sugar concentration. Since sugar (in the form of glucose) is the primary energy source in the body, low blood sugar levels will ultimately affect almost every organ in the body including the brain.

A healthy, non-diabetic dog should have a blood glucose concentration of 3.3-6.1 mmol/L. Hypoglycemia can occur secondary to endocrine or hepatic disorders, higher energy requirement, fasting, or toxicity.

A hypoglycemic dog will be weak and, if not treated timely, there could be unconsciousness followed by death will result.

Symptoms of Hypoglycemia in Dogs

  • Loss of appetite
  • Low energy (Lethargy)
  • Slow response time
  • Abnormal behavior
  • Increased urination (Polyuria)
  • Increased thirst (Polydipsia)
  • Incoordination
  • Partial paralysis
  • Weakness
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Trembling
  • Involuntary movements
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness

Treatment for Hypoglycemia in Dogs

The first thing that your dog will need is a correction of the glucose levels (raising the blood sugar levels). This may be accomplished by rubbing glucose or corn syrup on the gums.

If the case is severe, your dog will be placed on an intravenous fluid infusion containing concentrated dextrose (a type of sugar).

Once your dog’s blood glucose levels are stable, the veterinarian will need to run various diagnostic tests to determine the underlying cause of hypoglycemia and will determine the appropriate treatment plan.

If the hypoglycemia has occurred due to fasting, the condition will be resolved after a period of rest and glucose administration. If hypoglycemia occurred due to cancer, tumor, or portosystemic shunt then the surgery could be necessary.

Endocrine disorders may be treated with medications. In cases of intoxication, hospitalization and supportive care are needed.

Dog Pet Insurance for Hypoglycemia

Buying a dog insurance policy can keep you from having to pay the whole vet bill out of pocket. Just like a health insurance policy for a human, these pet insurance plans work much the same way.

If you haven’t thought about buying a pet health plan, what are you waiting for?

Return to the Dog Health Problems glossary.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

Leave a reply