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Cost of Treatment: $300 to $1,500

What is Muscular Dystrophy in Dogs?

Muscular Dystrophy is an inherited, progressive, non-inflammatory degenerative muscular disease caused by a deficiency of dystrophyin, a muscle-membrane protein. This genetic disease is associated to the X-chromosome in males, for this reason, males are most commonly affected. Signs of muscular dystrophy are usually seen in newborn dogs or those less than one-year-old.

Dog with muscular dystrophy in wheelchairWhich Dog Breeds Are Most Commonly Affected by Muscular Dystrophy?

  • Golden Retrievers
  • Irish Terriers
  • Pembroke Welsh
  • Corgis
  • Samoyeds
  • Rottweilers
  • Belgian Shepherds
  • Rat Terriers
  • Brittany Spaniels
  • Labrador Retrievers
  • German Short-Haired Pointers
  • Miniature Schnauzers

Symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy in Dogs

  • Abnormal gait
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Excessive drooling
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Heart failure
  • Hunched back
  • Increased muscle mass of some muscles
  • Ineffective suckling in newborns
  • Muscle wasting
  • Swayback
  • Vomiting

Treatment of Muscular Dystrophy in Dogs

Glucocorticosteroids are often given to dogs suffering from non-inflammatory muscular dystrophy, but their effectiveness is variable and their exact mode of action in this disease is still unknown.

Resources for Muscular Dystrophy in Dogs

  1. Muscle Disorders in Dogs

Return to the Dog Health Problems glossary.

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