These were among the first cats brought by settlers from Europe to the Americas.
Domestic Medium Hairs are of mixed ancestry, so they vary widely in size, appearance, and personality.
The one characteristic shared by these cats is the length of their coats, which is controlled by a single gene.
Given their wide variety, it is hard to generalize about the breed, but they all have thick fur that requires brushing (at least) every week.
Should you Purchase Pet Insurance for your Domestic Medium Hair Cat?
Because of their mixed ancestry, Domestic Medium Hairs are less prone to the kinds of congenital diseases that plague many of the more “pure” breeds, which have less genetic diversity.
They are fairly long-lived, with an average lifespan of 15-17 years.
That having been said, there are certain conditions that afflict a substantial portion of the Domestic Medium Hair population:
- Feline Diabetes (diabetes mellitus): As in humans, this disease is caused by a deficiency in insulin, a hormone that is crucial for the metabolism of sugars. A cat with diabetes will lose weight and will drink and urinate excessively. Diagnosis is made based on urinalysis and blood work. The disease can be controlled with a combination of changes in diet and medication, including the administration of insulin orally or by injection.
- Polycystic Kidney Disease: This congenital disorder, which affects as much as 16% of some breeds, causes cysts to form in one or both kidneys and normally doesn’t manifest itself until a cat is seven to ten years old. The condition is progressive and irreversible, though surgery may in some cases help to relieve the cat’s discomfort.
The fact that your Domestic Medium Hair is less prone than many other cat breeds to feline health issues is no reason to be complacent about being prepared for medical problems. PKD and diabetes can be costly to diagnose and treat, and every animal will encounter difficulties as it ages.