Leslie Kasperowicz holds a BA in Social Sciences from the University of Winnipeg. She spent several years as a Farmers Insurance CSR, gaining a solid understanding of insurance products including home, life, auto, and commercial and working directly with insurance customers to understand their needs. She has since used that knowledge in her more than ten years as a writer, largely in the insuranc...

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Melanie Musson is the fourth generation in her family to work in the insurance industry. She grew up with insurance talk as part of her everyday conversation and has studied to gain an in-depth knowledge of state-specific car insurance laws and dynamics as well as a broad understanding of how insurance fits into every person’s life, from budgets to coverage levels. She also specializes in automa...

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Reviewed by Melanie Musson
Published Insurance Expert

UPDATED: Nov 17, 2020

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Cost of Treatment: $400 – $3,000

What is Renal Failure in Dogs?

The principal organs of the renal system are the kidneys, which are in charge of filtering the blood to remove metabolic waste and toxins through the urine.

Renal function is one of the most important components of good health.

Renal failure can be acute, meaning that it appears suddenly, or chronic, meaning that it is the result of a long period of the disease.

There are several causes for renal failure in dogs—from intoxication to congenital problems.

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Causes of Renal Failure in Dogs

Acute Renal Failure

  • Injury
  • Toxicity
  • Infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Ureteral stones
  • Heatstroke

Chronic Renal Failure

  • Old age
  • Infection
  • Parasitic disease
  • Cancer
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Trauma
  • Medication
  • Congenital disease

Related: 10 Things You Must Know Before You Buy Pet Insurance

Symptoms of Renal Failure in Dogs

  • Appetite loss
  • Bad breath
  • Bloody stools
  • Diarrhea
  • Drowsiness
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Extreme thirst
  • Fever
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Sores in the mouth
  • Sudden increased or decreased urination
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss

Treatment of Renal Failure in Dogs

Cases of acute renal failure due to toxicity or poisoning must be treated with gastric lavage and fluid therapy—this usually requires hospitalization. Cases of infection may also need fluid therapy in addition to antibiotics.

Chronic renal failure is usually treated with dialysis to flush the kidneys and get them started working again, followed by medications at home.

Depending on the cause of the kidney failure, the treatment may only be needed once and your dog may be fine for years.

Return to the Dog Health Problems glossary.

 

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We get it, your dog is like your child and when your puppy or dog has health problems it is scary. Luckily there is pet insurance companies that will help you pay for any veterinarian care they made need. Checkout the best puppy and dog pet insurance companies and learn about common puppy health issues and ailments in older pets

 

Common Health Problems:

Acral Lick Granuloma in Dogs

Alopecia in Dogs

Antifreeze Toxicity in Dogs

Aortic Stenosis in Dogs

Arthritis In Dogs

Bladder Stones in Dogs

Boxer Cardiomyopathy

Cataracts In Dogs

Cherry Eye in Dogs

Chronic Active Hepatitis in Dogs

Collie Eye Anomaly In Dogs

Constipation in Dogs

Cruciate Ligament Tear in Dogs

Cryptorchidism in Dogs

Cushing’s Disease in Dogs

Degenerative Myelopathy | Spinal Cord Disease In Dogs

Dementia in Dogs | Canine Cognitive Dysfunction

Demodicosis In Dogs

Dental Problems in Dogs

Diabetes In Dogs

Dog Comedones (Schnauzer Bumps)

Dog Diarrhea: What Can You Do To Help?

Dog Ear Infections

Dystocia in Dogs

Ectropion in Dogs

Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs

Entropion In Dogs

Eye Problems in Dogs

Fleas in Dogs

Gallbladder Obstruction in Dogs

Gallstones in Dogs

Gastroenteritis In Dogs

Glaucoma in Dogs

Heart Murmurs In Dogs | How To Identify Them

Hip Dysplasia in Dogs

Hot Spots On Dogs

Hyperparathyroidism In Dogs

Hypothyroidism In Dogs

Intervertebral Disc Disease In Dogs

Nasal Solar Dermatitis In Dogs

Patellar Luxation in Dogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy In Dogs

Renal Failure in Dogs

Seizures in Dogs

Wobbler Syndrome In Dogs

The Dog Flu – Symptoms & Treatment for Canine Influenza

Dog Biting Nails