Diabetes in Dogs

Diabetes in Dogs

Cost of Treatment: $50 to $105 per month

What it is: Dogs can suffer from two different types of diabetes, both of which involve the hormone insulin. Insulin is responsible for the kidney’s ability to absorb water. Type I diabetes involves a lack of insulin, with the dog’s pancreas unable to produce or secrete the needed amounts. Type II diabetes involves the inadequate response to insulin.


  • Change in appetite
  • Excessive thirst and urination
  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Unusual breath odor
  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Skin problems
  • Formation of cataracts

Treatment: Both types of diabetes require lifelong insulin therapy, with most dogs needing insulin injections to properly regulate blood glucose. Once insulin treatment is established by your vet, pet owners can administer insulin injections at home. Diabetes can be further managed and even prevented with a strictly controlled diet.

Most dog health insurance plans cover ongoing conditions, such as diabetes, as long as your dog is enrolled in the plan before symptoms occur. In the case of diabetes, treatment costs can weigh in at $55 or more per month for the life of your dog.

Return to the Dog Health Problems glossary.


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