Mathew B. Sims is Editor-in-Chief and has authored, edited, and contributed to several books. He has been working in the insurance industry ensuring content is accurate for consumers who are searching for the best policies and rates. He has also been featured on sites like UpJourney.

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Melanie Musson is the fourth generation in her family to work in the insurance industry. She grew up with insurance talk as part of her everyday conversation and has studied to gain an in-depth knowledge of state-specific car insurance laws and dynamics as well as a broad understanding of how insurance fits into every person’s life, from budgets to coverage levels. She also specializes in automa...

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Reviewed by Melanie Musson
Published Insurance Expert

UPDATED: Nov 17, 2020

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FACT: Pet insurance pays up to 90% of vet bills when your pet is sick or injured!

What Is Hyperparathyroidism in Dogs?

Hyperparathyroidism is an endocrine disorder that occurs when the parathyroid glands produce an excessive amount of parathyroid hormone (PTH).

This hormone regulates the amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood.

When blood calcium levels are low the body sends a signal to the parathyroid glands to produce more PTH and this hormone enhances the release of calcium from the large reservoir contained in the bones.

In cases of hyperparathyroidism, the excessive amount of PTH leads to an increased amount of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia), renal damage and pathological bone fractures.

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Types of Canine Hyperparathyroidism

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism. Is caused by a tumor in the parathyroid gland and leads to an increase in blood calcium levels. It is most commonly caused by a benign tumor and occurs most commonly in older dogs.
  • Renal Secondary Hyperparathyroidism. Is often a complication of chronic kidney disease, in which the kidneys are unable to remove phosphorous from the body, which causes the parathyroid glands to produce more PTH.
  • Nutritional Secondary Hyperparathyroidism. This form of the disease is caused by a deficiency of calcium and vitamin D or an excess of phosphorous in the diet.

Related: 10 Things You Must Know Before You Buy Pet Insurance

Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism in Dogs

  • Increased urination (polyuria)
  • Increased thirst and water intake (polydipsia)
  • Decreased appetite
  • Enlarged parathyroid glands (these are in the neck area)
  • Sluggishness or malaise
  • Vomiting
  • Urinary stones
  • Stupor
  • Bone fractures

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Treatment for Hyperparathyroidism in Dogs

Primary hyperparathyroidism requires hospitalization and surgery to remove the tumor, and it has a good prognosis. 

In the case of renal secondary hyperparathyroidism, your veterinarian will treat your dog’s kidney disease, as well as, stabilize calcium and phosphorous levels through diet adjustments.

Dogs with nutritional hyperparathyroidism need a diet with adequate amounts of calcium and phosphorus.

Return to the Dog Health Problems glossary.

 

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Is Exotic Pet Insurance Necessary? 

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What Is Pet Insurance?

Fun Facts, Dog FAQ’s, And Unsolicited Dog Advice

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Dog Health Problems

Dog Breeds

CAT FAQ’s

Cat Health Problems

Cat Breeds

 

We get it, your dog is like your child and when your puppy or dog has health problems it is scary. Luckily there is pet insurance companies that will help you pay for any veterinarian care they made need. Checkout the best puppy and dog pet insurance companies and learn about common puppy health issues and ailments in older pets

 

Common Health Problems:

Acral Lick Granuloma in Dogs

Alopecia in Dogs

Antifreeze Toxicity in Dogs

Aortic Stenosis in Dogs

Arthritis In Dogs

Bladder Stones in Dogs

Boxer Cardiomyopathy

Cataracts In Dogs

Cherry Eye in Dogs

Chronic Active Hepatitis in Dogs

Collie Eye Anomaly In Dogs

Constipation in Dogs

Cruciate Ligament Tear in Dogs

Cryptorchidism in Dogs

Cushing’s Disease in Dogs

Degenerative Myelopathy | Spinal Cord Disease In Dogs

Dementia in Dogs | Canine Cognitive Dysfunction

Demodicosis In Dogs

Dental Problems in Dogs

Diabetes In Dogs

Dog Comedones (Schnauzer Bumps)

Dog Diarrhea: What Can You Do To Help?

Dog Ear Infections

Dystocia in Dogs

Ectropion in Dogs

Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs

Entropion In Dogs

Eye Problems in Dogs

Fleas in Dogs

Gallbladder Obstruction in Dogs

Gallstones in Dogs

Gastroenteritis In Dogs

Glaucoma in Dogs

Heart Murmurs In Dogs | How To Identify Them

Hip Dysplasia in Dogs

Hot Spots On Dogs

Hyperparathyroidism In Dogs

Hypothyroidism In Dogs

Intervertebral Disc Disease In Dogs

Nasal Solar Dermatitis In Dogs

Patellar Luxation in Dogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy In Dogs

Renal Failure in Dogs

Seizures in Dogs

Wobbler Syndrome In Dogs

The Dog Flu – Symptoms & Treatment for Canine Influenza

Dog Biting Nails