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Gallbladder Obstruction in Dogs

What is a Gallbladder Obstruction?

The gallbladder is a small organ closely related to the liver. The main function of the gallbladder is to concentrate bile, a fluid related to digestion that comes from the liver. The gallbladder releases bile through the bile duct, which enters the pancreas. The obstruction of the gallbladder leads to serious health complications. This condition is usually caused by pancreatitis, cancer, parasitic infection, bile duct malformation or gallbladder cysts.

Symptoms of Gallbladder Obstruction

  • Behavioral changes
  • Weakness and lethargy
  • Jaundice (yellow coloration of the eyes, mucus membranes, and skin
  • Abdominal pain
  • Appetite loss
  • Fever
  • Vomiting

Treatment of Gallbladder Obstruction

The resolution of a gallbladder obstruction will depend on the cause and the severity of the event at the time of discovery. The treatment of gallbladder obstruction usually consists of surgery. In most cases, the veterinarian will need to remove the obstruction and treat any underlying disease such as pancreatitis. In some patients, the obstruction may be resolved with medical treatment alone. If cancer is suspected, a biopsy will be performed and surgery is done to remove the gallbladder. However, continued treatment for the eradication of cancer must be put in place.

Cost of Treatment: $800 – $3,000 

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